21 10 / 2014

bibliotecha-secreta:

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It is an offspring by a troll, faerie, elf, or other legendary creatures that have been secretly left in the place of a child. Sometimes the term is also used to refer to the child who was taken.

A human child might be taken due to many factors:

  • To act as a servant.
  • The love of a human child.
  • Malice.

In some rare cases, the very elderly of the faerie people would be exchanged in the place of a human baby, and then the old faerie could live in comfort, being coddled by its human parents.

Simple charms, such as an inverted coat or open iron scissors left where the child sleeps, were thought to ward them off; other measures included a constant watch over the child.

Purpose

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Some people believed that trolls would take unbaptised children. Once children had been baptised and therefore become part of the Church, the trolls could not take them. One belief is that trolls thought that being raised by humans was something very “classy”, and that they therefore wanted to give their own children a human upbringing.

Beauty in human children and young women (particularly fair-haried ones), attracted the faeries. Some folklorists believe that faeries were memories of inhabitants of various regions in Europe who had been driven into hiding by invaders. They held that changelings had actually occurred; the hiding people would exchange their own sickly children for the healthy children of the invaders.

Some changelings might forget they are not human and proceed to live a human life. Changelings which do not forget, however, may later return to their faerie family, possibly leaving the human family without warning. As for the human child that was taken, he or she may often stay with the faerie family forever.

Changelings Across Cultures

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British Isles

  • Cornwall - The Mên-an-Tol stones in Cornwall are supposed to have a faerie or pixie guardian who can make miraculous cures. In one case a changeling baby was put through the stone in order for the mother to get the real child back. Evil pixies had changed her child and the ancient stones were able to reverse their evil spell.
  • Ireland - In Ireland, looking at a baby with envy – “over looking the baby” – was dangerous, as it endangered the baby, who was then in the faeries’ power. Putting a changeling in a fire would cause it to jump up the chimney and return the human child, but at least one tale recounts a mother with a changeling finding that a faerie woman came to her home with the human child, saying the other faeries had done the exchange, and she wanted her own baby. Belief in changelings endured in parts of Ireland until as late as 1895 (and still thrives, although in less significant amounts). Changelings, in some instances, were regarded not as substituted faerie children but instead old faeries brought to the human world to die.
  • Anglo-Scottish Border - It is believed that elves (and faeries) live in “Elf Hills” or “Fairy Hills”. Along with this belief in supernatural beings was the view that they could spirit away children, and even adults, and take them back to their own world. Often, it was thought, a baby would be snatched and replaced with a simulation of the baby, usually a male adult elf, to be suckled by the mother. The real baby would be treated well by the elves and would grow up to be one of them, whereas the changeling baby would be discontented and wearisome.
  • Wales - In Wales the changeling child initially resembles the human it substitutes, but gradually grows uglier in appearance and behaviour: ill-featured, malformed, ill-tempered, given to screaming and biting. It may be of less than usual intelligence, but again is identified by its more than childlike wisdom and cunning. The common means employed to identify a changeling is to cook a family meal in an egg shell. The child will exclaim, “I have seen the acorn before the oak, but I never saw the likes of this,” and vanish, only to be replaced by the original human child. Alternatively, or following this identification, it is supposedly necessary to mistreat the child by placing it in a hot oven, by holding it in a shovel over a hot fire, or by bathing it in a solution of foxglove.

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Scandinavia 

  • Since most beings from Scandinavian folklore are said to be made of iron, so Scandinavian parents often placed an iron item such as a pair of scissors or a knife on top of an unbaptised infant’s cradle.
  • It was believed that if a human child was taken in spite of such measures, the parents could force the return of the child by treating the changeling cruelly, using methods such as whipping or even inserting it in a heated oven (however, this is a strongly inadvisable method…).

Every intelligent grandmother knows that the fire must not be allowed to go out in a room where there is a child not yet christened; that the water in which the newborn child is washed should not be thrown out; also, that a needle, or some other article of steel must be attached to its bandages [diapers]. If attention is not paid to these precautions it may happen that the child will be exchanged by the trolls, as once occurred in Bettna many years ago.

A young peasant’s wife had given birth to her first child. Her mother, who lived some distance away, was on hand to officiate in the first duties attending its coming, but the evening before the day on which the child should be christened she was obliged to go home for a short time to attend to the wants of her own family, and during her absence the fire was allowed to go out.

No one would have noticed anything unusual, perhaps, if the child had not, during the baptism, cried like a fiend. After some weeks, however, the parents began to observe a change. It became ugly, cried continuously, and was so greedy that it devoured everything that came in its way. The people being poor, they were in great danger of being eaten out of house and home. There could no longer be any doubt that the child was a changeling. Whereupon the husband sought a wise old woman, who, it was said, could instruct the parents what to do to get back their own child.

The mother was directed to build a fire in the bake oven three Thursday evenings in succession, lay the young one upon the bake shovel, then pretend that she was about to throw it into the fire. The advice was followed, and when the woman, the third evening, was in the act of throwing the changeling into the fire, it seemed, a little deformed, evil-eyed woman rushed up with the natural child, threw it in the crib, and requested the return of her child. “For,” said she, “I have never treated your child so badly and I have never thought to do it such harm as you now propose doing mine,” whereupon she took the unnatural child and vanished through the door.

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Spain

  • In Asturias (North Spain), there is a legend about the Xana, a nymph that lives near rivers, fountains and lakes, sometimes helping travellers on their journeys. The Xanas were conceived as little female faeries with supernatural beauty. They could deliver babies, “xaninos,” that were sometimes swapped with human babies in order to be baptised. The legend says that in order to distinguish a “xanino” from a human baby, some pots and egg shells should be put close to the fireplace; a xanino would say: "I was born one hundred years ago, and since then I have not seen so many egg shells near the fire!".

Slavic Europe

  • The birth of a child is considered a great gift; If a nursing mother takes good care of a baby, the ancestors will protect her and facilitate further multiplication of her kin. But if she is careless and shows unworthy of their gift, protection is drawn back and negative forces freely roam, aiming to steal the child in the moment of neglect. The devil, witches, faeries, and demons of all kinds might kill the child, or exchange the human child for a demon child.
  • Legends have it that the biggest danger of a changeling occurs during the 40 days after childbirth, while the rightful baby is still not baptised.
  • Not making the sign of a cross over the child, or in the corners of a bath which the mother uses, also makes the baby vulnerable to the attack.
  • Numerous precautions are made to save mother and a child from mythological creatures. Some of the common measures are keeping a sharp object near the nursing mother, leaving the candle to burn all night long, leaving a bowl of water under the icon. Russian custom is to put the broom in the corner, or under the cradle, to act as a “guardian”. Poles confide in medallions of the saints, which they hang in the doorways and in the windows, and the red hats out on the baby’s head were also popular. Serbian custom is to tie a red bracelet to a baby’s ankle, which is popular in other countries as well.
  • If protection measures failed and the changeling is successfully foisted upon the ignorant parents, it behaves voraciously, aggressively, grows slowly, begins to walk and talk later than the other children. It cries a lot, sleeps badly, looks disproportional, laughs weirdly and according to some legends, even grows horns.

Other Countries

Changelings (faerie) seem to be a folklore belief prominent in Europe; but there are similar beliefs in other parts of the world, although there may be insufficient information. Such include:

  • The ogbanje.
  • Aswangs (changelings).

There are folklore tales of child-stealing by supernatural creatures in other cultures (such as Native America), but child replacing is not as common outside of Europe.

(via clevergirlhelps)

21 10 / 2014

21 10 / 2014

  • 1: ME SO HORNY!!!!!
  • 2: YOU MAD BRO?
  • 3: Haha....yeah doll.....1 w1sh 1 was normal sometimes.....
  • 4: Haha....yeah doll....1 w1sh 1 had more self confidence.....1'm not nearly as amaz1ng as everyone th1nks.... what do you mean "What do you mean everyone?"?
  • 5: TUL4 TUL4 TUL444 1M FELL DOWN!!!??!!111 K155 MY BOOBOO
  • 6: 7 VAGANIA5. M4BY3 MOR3. IMANGINE... OW FUCK 1 5WE4R TO G0GDGDGD FL00R 1F YOU DON'T C3LM ETH FUCK DOWN 1 W1LL 2I48YT8QM4830JQF NVQHIOQJFQ22408 .... H3Y L4TUL4 1 G0T 4 800800 0N MY 8ULG3 3H3H3H3H3H3H3
  • 7: 6lah 6lah 6lah 6lah 6lah TW TW TW (# OH GOD I JUST WANT SOMEONE TO LOVE ME.)
  • 8: Furtherm9re, I think I speak f9r all 9f us *right s9rt* 9f pe9ple that acting in such a pr96lematic manner (# not to mention disagreeing with because WTF that practically means y9u disagree with s9cial pr9gress as a c9ncept) means y9u have internalized a6liesm, casteism, speciesism, and yes, even the very min9r prejudice of sexism, meaning even th9ugh you are (allegedly) warm6looded, disa6led, m*tant, and female, y9u are, perhaps, w9rse than regular privileged individuals, which I must say is n9t a very flattering way of 6eing. It w9uld 6e m9re c9nducive t9 a safe space if you were t9, y9u kn9w, st9p existing, 6ut such is the way 9f the w9rld, isn't it? (#H9nestly we pretty much want y9u t9 kill y9urself #6ut I can't say THAT al9ud, can I?)
  • 9: SQUEEEEEEEE!!! YOU DON'T UNDERSTAND!!!!
  • 10: ....SQUEEEEEEE!!! YOU DON'T UNDERSTAND!!!!
  • 11: *Flirts with everyone, poses sexily yet classily*
  • 12: Well, there's a lo+t o+f co+ntinuity between befo+ran and earth concepts of gender hierarchy, mo+re than yo+u may think. It's really a fascinating to+pic, if yo+u aren't to+o+ bo+thered by it. Listen, I so+metimes think I give Kanny a little bit to+o+ much freedo+m... do+n't let his to+xic ideas abo+ut gender get to yo+u. Remember to+ keep expo+ring yo+urself in a way that's co+mfo+rtable in yo+ur o+wn skin, and kno+w yo+u can talk to+ me. :)
  • 13: y34h, l3tz g3t d4ng3rous!!!! (#Internally moons about teen love triangle drama)
  • 14: y34h, l3tz g3t d4ng3rous!!!! (#Internally suppresses a panic attack possibly related to a legitimate anxiety disorder)
  • 15: I was never a8le to help myself...To many people knew I was worthless.... 8ut that doesn't mean I can't help you :::::).
  • 16: I was never a8le to help myself... too many people thought I was worthless, probably secretly jealous of my superior a8liities, kindness, and intellect.... 8ut that doesn't mean I can't help you ::::).
  • 17: 8=D < Uguu desu ne~~~
  • 18: 8=D < It behooves me to act hapfilly all the time! *SCREAMING AND SOBBING INTERNALLY*
  • 19: :o)
  • 20: :o) (# ALL WILL BOW BEFORE THE WICKED-ASS AGE OF BLOOD. INFIDEL PUPPETS, TAKE YOUR PLACE AT MY HAND. I AM BUT THE HUMBLE SERVANT OF THE GREAT ONE. YOUR SOULS WILL KNOW THE FAYGO-SWEET KISS OF TOTAL ANNIHILATION SOON ENOUGH, AND YOUR PAIN WILL BE SMOTHERED BY THE COLD GREASEPAINT OF NOTHINGNESS.)
  • 21: Another rejection... sigh... guess I'm just as wvorthless as evweryone says.
  • 22: Another rejection. Another ungrateful shitlord. Do they knowv wvhat an HONOR it wvould be? If I felt like it, and they're lucky I don't because they're not wvorth the effort, I could maybe let them knowv wvhat it means to offend royalty... Oh wvait, someone's coming... *SOB* OOOH GUESS I'M JUST AS WVORTHLESS AS EVWERYONE SAYS *HEAVE*.
  • 23: *Is Nicki Minaj*
  • 24: yeah I killed and attempted to kill several people who probs didnt deserve it but whatevs

21 10 / 2014

holly-draws-skeletons:

Hey! I made a spooky ghost for you guys! 
It’s transparent!

holly-draws-skeletons:

Hey! I made a spooky ghost for you guys! 

It’s transparent!

(via dirtyratchet)

20 10 / 2014

karlcat:

arirosie:

karlcat:

karlcat:

Arrow is a very good tv show

Man sad. Very sad. Has book. Dead dad. Book has names. Kill all the names. Very dramatic. Who is he? Sad man.

I know it’s because I’m sleepy, but I honestly can’t tell if you like the show, or are mocking it, or both

Man is VERY sad but he won’t cry because his tears are on the inside.

20 10 / 2014

c2ndy2c1d:

ollietheduke:

pk—-love:

I don’t know where this song fits in the context in the movie, and i don’t wanna be spoiled, but it’s beautiful.

GOD THE ONE ORIGINAL AMAZING SONG IN THE MOVIE 

(via morilatte)

20 10 / 2014

justchukwa:

i’m trying to be a homestuck

i really am

(via chickenstab)

20 10 / 2014

surround-sound-sugar-skulls:

onion-monkey:

brispeak:

soveryanon:

soveryanon:

azesdrftghjnkghjd no, you don’t understand, Kojirō is such a sweetie and Haruka is such a sweetie that they could trust each other about their Pokémon needing rest……………..

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James is such a sweetheart it’s ridiculous.

James is the best pokémon trainer ever. He asks if his pokémon WANTS to join him.

I want the pokemon games to have a James option where you can decide  to ask a pokemon if they want to join your party.. it should be an option you can only pick at the start and if they say no you let them go and leave them alone

(via sailershanty)

20 10 / 2014

WHEN UR AT HOTEL ROOM N THEY GONNA GOTTA CHARGE U 4 WATER HAHAHAHAHA WTF YA RITEE LMFAOO 😂😂😭😭😆😆👵👵💩💩🔥🔥💦💧💥👀👄👅 #relatable #popularpage #magcon

(Source: vine.co, via usbdongle)

20 10 / 2014